Distinguished Heads of States and Governments,
Secretary General ECO,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
In Pakistan’s capacity as the 13th Summit Chair, it is my honour to formally open the 14th Summit of Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).
I extend warm welcome and cordial greetings to all the participating leaders.
I want to especially appreciate President Erdogan’s initiative in organizing this virtual Summit.
Convening the Summit in these difficult times is a reflection of collective commitment to ECO.
We commend Secretary-General Hadi Soleimanpour for ably leading the Organization’s work.
Pakistan congratulates Turkmenistan as the next ECO Chair.
But I especially want to congratulate President Ilham Aliyev on successful liberation of Azerbaijan’s occupied territories.
In 2017, we celebrated the silver jubilee of expansion of ECO membership and adopted the landmark ECO Vision 2025 and the Islamabad Declaration.
It reflected Pakistan’s strong resolve to advance our institutional goals and energize ECO as a dynamic Organization for regional cooperation.
The focus of our present Summit – “Regional Economic Cooperation in the Aftermath of COVID-19” – is both apt and timely.
Like the rest of the world, the Member States of ECO have been severely affected by the unprecedented health and economic crisis unleashed by COVID-19 pandemic. Over 115 million people have been infected by the virus, and more than 2.5 million people have lost their lives.
The world is grappling with the pandemic’s multiple dimensions. The full extent of its health, social, financial and economic impact on our countries has yet to be fully determined.
It is evident that developing countries, including the ECO members, have been disproportionately affected. Our economies have contracted. Trade has declined. Poverty and inequality has increased.
We, in Pakistan, realized that we must prevent our people from dying from the virus and from hunger. We faced these twin challenges like the developed world. We pursued people and poor-centric approach and doing this very difficult balancing act, saving lives, securing livelihoods and at the same time stimulating economy are extremely difficult balancing act and despite our financial constraints, my Government allocated an unprecedented 8 billion dollars to support the poorest and the most vulnerable households and then small businesses, with direct cash handouts and subsidies to the poor under the Ehsaas (Compassion) programme.
The COVID-19 pandemic is not over. We must ensure that our peoples secure the earliest possible access to vaccines being produced, but on an affordable and equitable basis. The vaccine must be declared a “global public good.” Because, actually, no one will be safe from the virus unless everyone is safe.
Pakistan has begun its vaccination drive but it has only so far concentrated on the front-line health workers which obviously is everyone’s highest priority.
We must also address the economic impact of the pandemic. The world economy has contracted by 5 per cent. The rich countries have injected $20 trillion to stimulate their economies. Our economies have been equally affected. But we do not have the capacity or fiscal space to create such liquidity.
I have proposed a 5-point plan to provide developing countries the fiscal space to recover from the COVID crisis, including: Debt relief; SDR creation and redistribution; Concessional finance; Mobilization of climate finance, because that is another crisis looming ahead; and Ending illicit financial flows and return of stolen assets back to the developing countries. Because, Excellencies, one trillion dollars every year, according to FACTI, leaves poor countries to rich countries and tax havens.
Apart from its health and economic consequences, the COVID crisis has exacerbated the manifestations of religious discrimination, xenophobia and Islamophobia in various parts of the world. We have witnessed this in our immediate neighbourhood. The COVID lockdowns have enabled the suppression of people in occupied territories struggling for their right to self-determination.
For all the leadership, I would want to point this out it is essential to reject any attempt to link Islam with terrorism. Linking Islam with terrorism is the biggest injustice to Muslims in the world.
Similarly, we must oppose attempts to use ‘freedom of expression’ is used to cause pain to Muslims by denigrating our Holy Prophet (PBUH).
At the UN, Pakistan, Turkey and OIC countries have initiated a proposal for the annual observance of an ‘International Day to Combat Islamophobia.’
The Member States of ECO represent half a billion people and cover an area of 8 million square miles. We form the geographical link on the Asian Continent between East and West, North and South.
We possess two essential pre-requisites for economic growth – rich resources and enterprising people. We have the potential for much larger production and consumption.
Our common heritage and culture, nurtured by luminaries, great men like Al-Beiruni, Farabi, Rumi and Iqbal; they all provide a solid foundation for cooperation under the ECO umbrella.
In the Vision 2025, the ECO members have set themselves an ambitious agenda of enhanced collaboration – in Trade, Energy, Tourism, Agriculture and Industrial Growth. We should undertake a mid-term review of the progress made so far, accelerate the pace of implementation, and deepen the scope of cooperation.
In advancing our common objectives, we must take full advantage of our geographical location, economic assets, and political relationships. Regional connectivity and integration have been proven to be essential for rapid growth and development. Enhanced physical infrastructure will generate economic activity, trade, employment, mobility and cross-border exchanges.
Peace in Afghanistan is crucial to the success of such physical integration in ECO region. I hope that the successful culmination of the Intra-Afghan Negotiations will lead to durable peace and security in Afghanistan.
Our priorities and goals are clear. I propose that we focus on the following six points:
First, we need to recover robustly from the economic and health crises induced by the pandemic. We must mobilize the national and international resources required for this purpose. I request ECO’s support for my 5-point agenda which I mentioned earlier.
Second, we must adopt a plan to build resilient healthcare systems to respond to such crisis in future. We must possess the capacity to produce the medical equipment and medicines essential to respond to chronic and infectious diseases.
Third, we must develop an integrated transport network to facilitate both intra-ECO trade and serve as a pathway for trade between the major economies to our East and West, North and South. The Istanbul-Tehran-Islamabad commercial cargo train and proposed Uzbekistan-Afghanistan- Pakistan railway links are important regional connectivity projects. In addition, linking CPEC with Afghanistan and beyond is vital.
Fourth, we must implement the cross-border projects already agreed among ECO members, including TAPI gas pipeline and the CASA 1000. Establishing an ECO Investment Agency and organizing an annual ECO Investment Fair where investment-ready projects could be presented to ECO and global investors are ideas that can be explored.
Fifth, studies indicate that our mutual trade, which is just 8% of our total trade; this could be expanded ten-fold. Enhanced transport links will help. But, we should promote conscious measures for trade promotion; simplify border procedures; establish intra-regional institutional linkages; reinforce existing regional mechanisms like ECO Trade Development Bank; operationalize ECO Trade Agreement; and develop new initiatives like the Clearing Union.
Sixth, to remain competitive, we must promote knowledge-based economies; and this needs we enhance expenditures on research and development; and focus on rapid digitalization especially extension of broadband to all parts of our countries.
The ECO, as envisaged in the Vision 2025, should engage in dialogues with other regional and international organizations. We could emulate some of the successful models of cooperation in the EU, ASEAN and the African Union.
For Pakistan, the vision of ECO’s regional economic integration is an essential component of a strategy to transform the tensions of geo-politics into the dividends of geo-economics.
I would like to conclude by reaffirming Pakistan’s abiding commitment to ECO, to the founding principles of the Treaty of Izmir, and to the full implementation of ECO Vision 2025.
As per the rules, procedures of the ECO, I now propose election of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan as the Chair of the 14th Summit.
I congratulate His Excellency Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of the Republic of Turkey, on his election and give him the floor to carry the Summit forward.